Capital city of Denmark
Copenhagen is the capital of Denmark and is recognized worldwide as “The Riviera” Danish. It is a model city, calm and orderly, the largest and most prosperous of the country. It is surrounded by a large stone wall, built in the thirteenth century and constituted as a great business, cultural and scientific center.
Interesting facts about Copenhagen
It was a fishing village until the middle of the 12th century . Its importance grew when it happened to be possession of the bishop Axel Absalón , who ordered the fortification of the locality in 1167 .
Due to the presence of a port, it soon became a place of commercial importance and received municipal rights in the mid- thirteenth century , often facing Hanseatic cities. In 1443 , Cristóbal III of Bavaria, chose Copenhagen like capital of Denmark . Between 1658 and 1659 it endured a severe siege of the Swedes, directed by Carlos X Gustavo .
In 1801 , during the Napoleonic Wars , in an effort to force the Danes to recognize the right of the British to sail on the high seas, a British fleet, commanded by Admiral Horatio Nelson, destroyed a Danish fleet at the port of Copenhagen. In 1807 the city suffered serious damage, and hundreds of people died, when the ships of the British naval fleet bombarded it, to prevent Denmark from surrendering its fleet to Napoleón Bonaparte . During World War II , Denmark capital city was occupied by the German troops from April of 1940 until May of 1945 .
The Royal Theater (Copenhagen) was founded in 1748 and its annex (New Scene) was inaugurated in 1931 . This institution offers dramatic performances, of opera and ballet, under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture of that country.
The Lutheranism is the largest religion in Denmark ; about 90% of the Danes are, at least nominally, members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church. The monarch must be a member of the Church, but the rest of the population in Denmark enjoys complete religious freedom.
Places of interest
The commercial district runs northeast on the island of Sjaelland . To the north and east is the most beautiful part of the city, which houses the royal palaces and government buildings.
At the northern end of the city is the Frihavn (free port), built in 1894 .
Copenhagen is largely surrounded by gardens and boulevards that were drawn from 1856 .
The main attraction and characteristic symbol for those arriving by boat, not only from the city, but also from Denmark, is the well-known Little Mermaid of Copenhagen . This is a bronze sculpture, cast in the shape of a beautiful mermaid, placed on a stone base. The tender figure, so often outraged by the Vandals (the last time in 1998 , when she was beheaded), is located in Langelinie Park (Copenhagen) , in the harbor bay of the city.
Palaces and castles
The Amalienborg Palace (Copenhagen) , is a building style rococo and is the seat of the royal family since 1760 ; also represents one of the most sensational compositions of Danish architecture. It is composed of four symmetrical palaces, called Christian VII , Christian VIII , Christian IX and Frederick VIII . All of them are located around an octagonal square, in the center of which is the statue of Frederick V. If the traveler wishes to see its interior, you can only see the buildings of Christian VII and Christian VIII, but you will certainly be impressed because of its extraordinary magnitude and its luxurious decoration.
The Hillerod Castle (Copenhagen) or Helsingor (the castle of Prince Hamlet ), was built under the reign of Frederick II in the sixteenth century . This building still has its medieval quarter, is an old quarter that crosses the pedestrian street of Stengade , with its center in Axeltorv, the market square.
Opening the bridge
The opening of the bridge between Denmark and Sweden , has made it the capital of the Oresund region , a dynamic territory comprising the south of Sweden and cities like Malmoe , Lund or Helsingborg, which will also become inexcusable references.